The Most Common Dental Issues

Going to the dentist is something most people fear and avoid. This is a really bad idea because there are a number of very serious issues which can stem from the mouth and teeth. It is important that you adopt good oral hygiene and also visit a dentist regularly to stay on top of the situation before it worsens.

Tooth Decay

This is possibly the most widespread dental issue of the lot, commonly also called cavities or caries. This is brought about by the build-up of a sticky bacterial film called plaque on teeth for a long time. Plaque is formed if you eat starches and carbs. They can affect almost anyone, although older people and children are more prone to catching them. Fluoridation of community water and use of fluoride toothpaste has however reduced the incidence by a significant amount. Older patients can acquire cavities at the root due to the pulling away of gum tissue. Avoiding this is not a difficult task; all you have to do is use fluoride toothpaste and also floss every day. Children could get plastic sealants installed when their permanent molars come in.

Enamel Erosion

Acid from citrus drinks and soda can cause corrosion to the enamel or the outer surface of teeth, causing discoloration. Over brushing can cause the same. Bonding materials can be used to restore the teeth to good condition, but in the long-term, you would need to change your habits. Quit soft drinks for water, or drink through a straw and rinse after. If aggressive brushing is the issue, use electric toothbrushes or soft-bristled brushes. Look up videos online or head over to a dentist in Thomastown and ask them what the right technique is.

Tooth Infections

Injury or decay can allow infection to develop in the pulp inside the tooth.  The root canal can get infected too. Anyone with cracked teeth or deep cavities can suffer from infection, so if you feel pain around your teeth, head over to your orthodontist or endodontist. The root canal procedure can take one to three sessions, but once it is done, and the area sealed with a gold or porcelain crown, you are good as new again.

Gum Disease

One of the more common gum diseases is gingivitis or periodontitis (advanced stage). It is bacterial in nature and attacks the bones and ligaments after permeating through the gums. It can affect anyone, especially people with poor oral hygiene, a smoking habit, or any disease which lowers resistance to infection like diabetes. Other triggers are genes and stress. To avoid this, it is a good idea to schedule regular dentist check-ups, and be completely open with the dentist about tender or bleeding gums. Proper flossing and brushing can reverse gingivitis, but periodontitis must be treated by deep cleaning and medication, or even gum graft surgery.

Oral Cancers

A small, painless lump in the mouth could also grow to be a cancerous tumour if left unattended. Oral cancer cases are also closely associated with alcohol and tobacco use, and a lot of them occur after age 40. The five-year survival rate is the lowest for oral cancer, because it is usually not screened till it reaches the advanced stages. The best way to stop it is to stop smoking or taking tobacco in any form and also go for regular screens by a reputed dentist in Thomastown.

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